利用OGG实现PostgreSQL实时同步的过程详解

2024-03-01 0 372
目录
  • 1.环境部署
    • 1.1 架构规划
    • 1.2 网络规划
  • 2.OGG for postgrSQL 安装
    • 2.1 解压安装
    • 2.2 安装lib
    • 2.3 环境变量
    • 2.4 OGG初始化
    • 2.5 ODBC驱动
  • 3.主从同步
    • 3.1 配置extract
    • 3.2.配置replication
    • 3.3 进程启动

1.环境部署

1.1 架构规划

利用OGG实现PostgreSQL实时同步的过程详解

1.2 网络规划

主机名IP操作系统内存/空间角色说明postgresql01172.18.12.50centos7.82c/18G 400G源端postgresql 14版本postgresql02172.18.12.51centos7.82c/18G 400G目标库postgresql 14版本Ogg21c172.18.12.52centos7.82c/18G 400GOGGOGG for postgrSQL

2.OGG for postgrSQL 安装

2.1 解压安装

安装

mkdir /ogg
unzip /opt/213000_ggs_Linux_x64_PostgreSQL_64bit.zip
[root@oggforpg /]# unzip /opt/213000_ggs_Linux_x64_PostgreSQL_64bit.zip
Archive: /opt/213000_ggs_Linux_x64_PostgreSQL_64bit.zip
inflating: ggs_Linux_x64_PostgreSQL_64bit.tar
inflating: OGG-21.3.0.0-README.txt
inflating: oracle-goldengate-release-notes_21.3.pdf
[root@oggforpg /]# tar -xvf ggs_Linux_x64_PostgreSQL_64bit.tar -C /ogg/

2.2 安装lib

yum install -y https://download.postgresql.org/pub/repos/yum/reporpms/EL-7-x86_64/pgdg-redhat-repo-latest.noarch.rpm
yum install -y postgresql14-libs*
Installed:
postgresql14-libs.x86_64 0:14.10-1PGDG.rhel7

利用OGG实现PostgreSQL实时同步的过程详解

2.3 环境变量

cat >> /root/.bashrc <<\”EOF\”
export OGG_HOME=/ogg
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/ogg/lib:/usr/pgsql-14/lib/:/usr/lib64:/usr/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
export ODBCINI=/ogg/odbc.ini
export PATH=$PATH:$OGG_HOME
#alias ogg=\’rlwrap ggsci\’
alias ggsci=\’cd $OGG_HOME;ggsci\’
EOF

source /root/.bashrc

2.4 OGG初始化

[root@oggforpg ~]# ogg

Oracle GoldenGate Command Interpreter for PostgreSQL
Version 21.3.0.0.0 OGGCORE_21.3.0.0.0_PLATFORMS_210728.1047
Oracle Linux 7, x64, 64bit (optimized), PostgreSQL on Aug 4 2021 20:27:55
Operating system character set identified as US-ASCII.

Copyright (C) 1995, 2021, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

GGSCI (oggforpg) 1> create subdirs

Creating subdirectories under current directory /root

Parameter file /ogg/dirprm: created.
Report file /ogg/dirrpt: created.
Checkpoint file /ogg/dirchk: created.
Process status files /ogg/dirpcs: created.
SQL script files /ogg/dirsql: created.
Database definitions files /ogg/dirdef: created.
Extract data files /ogg/dirdat: created.
Temporary files /ogg/dirtmp: created.
Credential store files /ogg/dircrd: created.
Master encryption key wallet files /ogg/dirwlt: created.
Dump files /ogg/dirdmp: created.

— mgr
cat > /ogg/dirprm/mgr.prm <<\”EOF\”
port 7809
dynamicportlist 2032-2040
purgeoldextracts ./dirdat/*, usecheckpoints,minkeephours 24
AUTORESTART ER *, RETRIES 3, WAITMINUTES 2,RESETMINUTES 10
EOF

2.5 ODBC驱动

cat > /ogg/odbc.ini <<\”EOF\”
[ODBC Data Sources]
postgre=DataDirect 14 PostgreSQL Wire Protocol

[ODBC]
IANAAppCodePage=106 ##106代表的是UTF-8
InstallDir=/ogg

[PGDSN1]
Driver=/ogg/lib/GGpsql25.so
#Driver=/usr/lib64/psqlodbcw.so
Description=DataDirect 14 PostgreSQL Wire Protocol
Database=jemdb
HostName=172.18.12.50
PortNumber=5432
LogonID=ogguser
Password=123456
TransactionErrorBehavior=2

[PGDSN2]
Driver=/ogg/lib/GGpsql25.so
#Driver=/usr/lib64/psqlodbcw.so
Description=DataDirect 14 PostgreSQL Wire Protocol
Database=jemdb
HostName=172.18.12.51
PortNumber=5432
LogonID=ogguser
Password=123456
TransactionErrorBehavior=2
EOF

##登录测试,密码123456
psql -U postgres -h 172.18.12.50 -p 5432
psql -U postgres -h 172.18.12.51 -p 5432

利用OGG实现PostgreSQL实时同步的过程详解

3.主从同步

3.1 配置extract

cat > /ogg/dirprm/ext1.prm <<“EOF”
extract ext1
SETENV(PGCLIENTENCODING = “UTF8” )
SETENV(ODBCINI=“/ogg/odbc.ini” )
SOURCEDB PGDSN1, userid ogguser, password 123456
exttrail ./dirdat/e1
IGNOREREPLICATES
TRANLOGOPTIONS FILTERTABLE ogg.ckpt
table public.*;
EOF
DBLOGIN SOURCEDB PGDSN1 USERID ogguser PASSWORD 123456
REGISTER EXTRACT ext1
ADD TRANDATA public.*
add checkpointtable ogg.ckpt
ADD TRANDATA ogg.ckpt
add ext ext1, tranlog, begin now
add exttrail ./dirdat/e1, ext ext1

利用OGG实现PostgreSQL实时同步的过程详解

3.2.配置replication

cat > /ogg/dirprm/rep1.prm <<“EOF”
replicat rep1
SETENV(PGCLIENTENCODING = “UTF8” )
SETENV(ODBCINI=“/ogg/odbc.ini” )
SETENV(NLS_LANG=“AMERICAN_AMERICA.AL32UTF8”)
TARGETDB PGDSN2, userid ogguser, password 123456
map public., target public.;
EOF
DBLOGIN SOURCEDB PGDSN2 USERID ogguser PASSWORD 123456
add checkpointtable ogg.ckpt
add rep rep1, exttrail ./dirdat/e1, checkpointtable ogg.ckpt

利用OGG实现PostgreSQL实时同步的过程详解

3.3 进程启动

start EXT!
start REP1
GGSCI (oggforpg as ogguser@PGDSN2) 4> info all
Program Status Group Lag at Chkpt Time Since Chkpt
MANAGER RUNNING
EXTRACT RUNNING EXT1 00:00:00 00:00:07
REPLICAT RUNNING REP1 00:00:00 00:00:02

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